|Out of universe information|
Edorans are a race of humans from Edora, their ancestors were taken from Earth by Goa'uld several thousand years ago. In 2000 reunited them with their Tau'ri brethren after a long time and they formed an alliance. They are peaceful and live in the same technical level as Earth during pre-industrial age. For one hundred and thirty years ago, a small group Edorans took refuge in some caves near the village when Edora hit by meteors.
Their home planet is very rich in substance naquadah. Edorans live mostly on agriculture and fisheries, the Edorans living in the village are the only the descendants of Edora. Tau'ri started training Edorans and provide them with medicines. (SG1: "A Hundred Days")