- "The High Council of the System Lords is a rather flimsy coalition of the most powerful Goa'ulds in the galaxy. They only cooperate when it suits them. Their numbers vary from time to time. New ones rise up, older ones get knocked off."
- —Daniel Jackson
Councils were very rare, as the System Lords spent most of their time combating each other. When faced with external and mutual internal threats, they would meet with each other.
The Council had the authority to grant the rank of System Lord to a Goa'uld, and also banish a System Lord from their number (as was the case with Anubis and Sokar). A System Lord or powerful Goa'uld could also send a delegate to the Council and vote on their behalf. The council also had the authority to negotiate with an enemy of the Goa'uld Empire, such as they did with the Asgard over the Protected Planets Treaty, though the Council rarely pursued the negotiation option.
After the deaths of Apophis, Cronus, and Heru'ur, the remaining seven System Lords gathered for a summit. Every night the gathered System Lords engaged in ritual cannibalism, eating live symbiotes with great relish. Lord Ba'al seemed to act as first among equals at the summit, opening and leading votes. Presumably, this position was originally held by Ra as the Supreme System Lord.
A second council was held when Ba'al offered the remaining System Lords the right to govern their territories in exchange for acknowledging him as Supreme Commander. This council was attacked by the Replicators and all in attendance were killed. (SG1: "Fair Game", "Summit", "Last Stand", "New Order, Part 1", "New Order, Part 2", "Reckoning, Part 1")